Posted on

A maternal vegetarian diet in pregnancy is associated with hypospadias. The ALSPAC Study Team. Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/10619956/

Journal: BJUI International

 Publication Date: 08/2008

Summary: As vegetarians have a greater exposure to phytoestrogens than do omnivores, these results support the possibility that phytoestrogens have a deleterious effect on the developing male reproductive system.

Posted on

Complementary Feeding: A Commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/18162844/

Journal: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

Publication Date: 01/2008

Summary: Infants and young children receiving a vegetarian diet should receive a sufficient amount of breast milk or formula and dairy products. Infants and young children should not be fed a vegan diet.

Posted on

The polyp prevention trial continued follow-up study: no effect of a low-fat, high-fiber, high-fruit, and -vegetable diet on adenoma recurrence eight years after randomization

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/17855692/

Journal: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention

 Publication Date: 09/2007

 Summary: This study failed to show any effect of a low-fat, high-fiber, high-fruit and -vegetable eating pattern on adenoma recurrence even with 8 years of follow-up.

Posted on

Veganism and osteoporosis: A review of the current literature

URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2006.00580.x

Journal: Internation Journal of Nursing Practice

 Publication Date: 10/2006

 Summary: Review of the effects of a vegan diet on calcium, vitamin D and bone mineral density. Vegans have lower bone mineral density than non-Vegans. Evidence on calcium, vitamin D levels and fracture incidence was inconclusive

Posted on

Severe nutritional vitamin deficiency in a breast-fed infant of a vegan mother

URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00431-004-1613-8

Journal: European Journal of Pediatrics

 Publication Date: 04/2005

 Summary: Case report of severe vitamin deficiency and failure to thrive in a breast fed infant of a vegan mother

Posted on

Nutritional Importance of Animal Source Foods

URL: https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/133/11/3932S/4818051

Journal: The Journal of Nutrition

 Publication Date: 11/2003

 Summary: A review of the micronutrient deficiencies that have been identified in people on a vegetarian diet and the negative health consequences of these deficiencies. All of these nutrients are abundant in animal products and only low level of animal product intake would be required to reverse or prevent these deficiencies.

Posted on

Effect of Creatine and Weight Training on Muscle Creatine and Performance in Vegetarians

URL: https://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/fulltext/2003/11000/Effect_of_Creatine_and_Weight_Training_on_Muscle.25.aspx

Journal: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise

 Publication Date: 11/2003

 Summary: Vegetarian and non-vegetarian subjects were enrolled in this study of the effects of creatine supplementation vs placebo on creatine levels, body composition and functional performance. At baseline vegetarians had lower creatine levels. Creatine supplementation resulted in increased creatine levels, improved performance and more lean body mass versus placebo. These increases were greater in vegetarians and those that had lower initial creatine levels.

Posted on

Signs of impaired cognitive function in adolescents with marginal cobalamin status

URL: https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/72/3/762/4729440

Journal: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Publication Date: 09/2000

Summary: Data on dietary intake, psychological test performance, and biochemical variables of cobalamin status were collected from 48 adolescents who consumed macrobiotic (vegan type) diets up to the age of 6 y, subsequently followed by lactovegetarian or omnivorous diets, and from 24 subjects (aged 10–18 y) who were fed omnivorous diets from birth onward. Our data suggest that cobalamin deficiency, in the absence of hematologic signs, may lead to impaired cognitive performance in adolescents.