Journal: BJUI International
Publication Date: 08/2008
Summary: As vegetarians have a greater exposure to phytoestrogens than do omnivores, these results support the possibility that phytoestrogens have a deleterious effect on the developing male reproductive system.
Journal: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Publication Date: 01/2008
Summary: Infants and young children receiving a vegetarian diet should receive a sufficient amount of breast milk or formula and dairy products. Infants and young children should not be fed a vegan diet.
Journal: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention
Publication Date: 09/2007
Summary: This study failed to show any effect of a low-fat, high-fiber, high-fruit and -vegetable eating pattern on adenoma recurrence even with 8 years of follow-up.
Journal: Internation Journal of Nursing Practice
Publication Date: 10/2006
Summary: Review of the effects of a vegan diet on calcium, vitamin D and bone mineral density. Vegans have lower bone mineral density than non-Vegans. Evidence on calcium, vitamin D levels and fracture incidence was inconclusive
Journal: European Journal of Pediatrics
Publication Date: 04/2005
Summary: Case report of severe vitamin deficiency and failure to thrive in a breast fed infant of a vegan mother
Journal: Journal of Nutrition
Publication Date: 12/2004
Summary: Pregnant women consuming a long-term predominantly vegetarian diet have an increased risk of vitamin B-12 deficiency.
Journal: The Journal of Nutrition
Publication Date: 11/2003
Summary: A review of the micronutrient deficiencies that have been identified in people on a vegetarian diet and the negative health consequences of these deficiencies. All of these nutrients are abundant in animal products and only low level of animal product intake would be required to reverse or prevent these deficiencies.
Journal: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Publication Date: 11/2003
Summary: Vegetarian and non-vegetarian subjects were enrolled in this study of the effects of creatine supplementation vs placebo on creatine levels, body composition and functional performance. At baseline vegetarians had lower creatine levels. Creatine supplementation resulted in increased creatine levels, improved performance and more lean body mass versus placebo. These increases were greater in vegetarians and those that had lower initial creatine levels.
Journal: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Publication Date: 01/2003
Summary: Case report of neonatal hypothyroidism in 10 day old infant of vegan mother.
Journal: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication Date: 09/2000
Summary: Data on dietary intake, psychological test performance, and biochemical variables of cobalamin status were collected from 48 adolescents who consumed macrobiotic (vegan type) diets up to the age of 6 y, subsequently followed by lactovegetarian or omnivorous diets, and from 24 subjects (aged 10–18 y) who were fed omnivorous diets from birth onward. Our data suggest that cobalamin deficiency, in the absence of hematologic signs, may lead to impaired cognitive performance in adolescents.