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l-Carnosine supplementation attenuated fasting glucose, triglycerides, advanced glycation end products, and tumor necrosis factor–α levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0271531717303652

Journal: Nutrition Research

Publication Date: 01/2018

 Summary: l-carnosine lowered fasting glucose, serum levels of triglycerides, AGEs, and tumor necrosis factor–α without changing sRAGE, IL-6, and IL-1β levels in T2D patients.

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Efficacy and Safety of L-Carnitine Treatment for Chronic Heart Failure: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

URL: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2017/6274854/

Journal: BioMed Research International

 Publication Date: 04/2017

Summary: L-Carnitine treatment is effective for CHF patients in improving clinical symptoms and cardiac functions, decreasing serum levels of BNP and NT-proBNP. And it has a good tolerance.

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Efficacy and Safety of L-Carnitine Treatment for Chronic Heart Failure: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

URL: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2017/6274854/

Journal: BioMed Research International

Publication Date: 04/2017

Summary: L-Carnitine treatment is effective for CHF patients in improving clinical symptoms and cardiac functions, decreasing serum levels of BNP and NT-proBNP.

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Taurine Supplementation Improves Functional Capacity, Myocardial Oxygen Consumption, and Electrical Activity in Heart Failure

URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19390211.2016.1267059?src=recsys

Journal: Journal of Dietary Supplements

 Publication Date: 01/2017

Summary: Our results also suggest that the short-term taurine supplementation is an effective strategy for improving some selected hemodynamic parameters in heart failure patients. Together, these findings support the view that taurine improves cardiac function and functional capacity in patients with heart failure. This idea warrants further study.

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Role of taurine in the pathogenesis of obesity

URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mnfr.201500067

Journal: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Publication Date: 03/2015

 Summary: In this review, I summarize the effects of taurine on the progression of obesity in animal models and humans. Furthermore, I discuss possible mechanisms underlying the antiobesity effects of taurine.

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Metabolic Effects of L-carnitine on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

URL: https://www.thieme-connect.de/products/ejournals/html/10.1055/s-0033-1333688#N69324

Journal: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes

Publication Date: 02/2013

Summary: The administration of L-carnitine in type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with an improvement in glycaemia and plasma lipids.

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Role of carnitine in the regulation of glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity: evidence from in vivo and in vitro studies with carnitine supplementation and carnitine deficiency

URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00394-011-0284-2

Journal: European Journal of Nutrition

 Publication Date: 02/2012

 Summary: In view of the abovementioned beneficial effect of carnitine supplementation on glucose tolerance during insulin-resistant states, carnitine supplementation might be an effective tool for improvement of glucose utilization in obese type 2 diabetic patients. However, further studies are necessary to explain the conflicting observations from studies dealing with carnitine deficiency.

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Creatine Supplementation Prevents the Accumulation of Fat in the Livers of Rats Fed a High-Fat Diet

URL: https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/141/10/1799/4630498

Journal: The Journal of Nutrition

Publication Date: 10/2011

 Summary: The study investigated the effects on fatty liver development of feeding rats a control diet, a high-fat diet or a high-fat diet supplemented with creatine. Liver fat increased in the rats fed a high-fat diet over 3 weeks. This effect was prevented by supplementing the high-fat diet with creatine. 

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Effect of Creatine and Weight Training on Muscle Creatine and Performance in Vegetarians

URL: https://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/fulltext/2003/11000/Effect_of_Creatine_and_Weight_Training_on_Muscle.25.aspx

Journal: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise

 Publication Date: 11/2003

 Summary: Vegetarian and non-vegetarian subjects were enrolled in this study of the effects of creatine supplementation vs placebo on creatine levels, body composition and functional performance. At baseline vegetarians had lower creatine levels. Creatine supplementation resulted in increased creatine levels, improved performance and more lean body mass versus placebo. These increases were greater in vegetarians and those that had lower initial creatine levels.

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L-carnitine treatment for congestive heart failure–experimental and clinical study

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/1538579/

Journal: Japan Circulation Journal

Publication Date: 1/1992

Summary: Patients with heart failure were found to have reduced myocardial free carnitine levels. Oral administration of l-carnitine for 12 weeks significantly improved the exercise tolerance of patients with effort angina. L-carnitine is a useful therapeutic agent for the treatment of congestive heart failure in combination with traditional pharmacological therapy.