Journal: Psychology of Men & Masculinity
Publication Date: 07/2018
Summary: Past research has highlighted links between meat consumption and masculine gender role norms such that meat consumers are generally attributed more masculine traits than their vegetable-consuming counterparts. However, the direct link between gender roles and men’s food choices has been somewhat neglected in the literature. Three studies conducted in Italy investigated this link between meat and masculinity. Studies 1 and 2 analyzed female mating preference for vegetarian and omnivorous partners, confirming that women preferred omnivorous men (Study 1 and 2), rated them as more attractive (Study 1 and 2), and felt more positive about them (Study 1) than vegetarians. Moreover Study 2 showed that the attribution of masculinity mediated this relationship, such that vegetarian men were considered less attractive because they were perceived as less masculine. Study 3 tested the relationship between the endorsement of food-related gender norms and food choices in a sample of Italian men. The results showed that men who perceived vegetarianism as feminine preferred meat-based dishes for themselves and expected their female partners to choose vegetarian dishes. Together, these findings show that gender role norms prescribing that men eat meat are actively maintained by both women and men and do in fact guide men’s food choices.
Journal: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research
Publication Date: 12/2016
Summary: Men with high protein intake (particularly high animal protein intake) as a percentage of TEI have a lower risk of major osteoporotic fracture
Journal: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Publication Date: 09/2016
Summary: In male subjects with several years of experience with resistance training, chronic consumption of a diet high in protein had no harmful effects on any measures of health. Furthermore, there was no change in body weight, fat mass, or lean body mass despite eating more total calories and protein.
Journal: European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Publication Date: 08/2016
Summary: Observational study of males in Loma Linda. The study showed that the vegetables-based food intake decreased sperm quality
Journal: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Publication Date: 02/2014
Summary: Elevated fasting levels of serum insulin appear to be associated with a higher risk of prostate cancer.
Journal: BioMed Research International
Publication Date: 05/2013
Summary: A review of the effects of omega 3 on prostate cancer. Omega 3 may have preventative effects against prostate cancer.
Journal: Environmental Health Perspectives
Publication Date: 08/2008
Summary: A pregnancy diet lacking meat and fish appears to increase the risk of hypospadias in the offspring
Journal: BJUI International
Publication Date: 08/2008
Summary: As vegetarians have a greater exposure to phytoestrogens than do omnivores, these results support the possibility that phytoestrogens have a deleterious effect on the developing male reproductive system.
Journal: Cancer causes and Control
Publication Date: 08/1999
Summary: Observational study of Finnish men found intake of milk protein and the consumption of milk products was inversely associated with risk of colorectal cancer. However, intake of dietary fiber was not associated with risk, nor was fat intake. Consumption of meat or different types of meat, and fried meat, fruits or vegetables were not associated with risk.