Journal: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Publication Date: 01/2018
Summary: Vitamin D deficiency mainly occurs if strict vegetarian diet is followed as mostly the source of vitamin D is animal based. Low vitamin D levels results in increased possibility of gestational diabetes among pregnant women, low birth weight and pre-eclampsia in infants, and mothers may suffer bone impairment, osteoporosis, hypocalcaemia, and hypertension. Vitamin D deficiency is directly linked with severe complication in mothers and neonates, causing rickets, poor fetal growth and infantile eczema in neonates.
Journal: European Journal of Nutrition
Publication Date: 02/2012
Summary: In view of the abovementioned beneficial effect of carnitine supplementation on glucose tolerance during insulin-resistant states, carnitine supplementation might be an effective tool for improvement of glucose utilization in obese type 2 diabetic patients. However, further studies are necessary to explain the conflicting observations from studies dealing with carnitine deficiency.
Journal: European Journal of Pediatrics
Publication Date: 04/2005
Summary: Case report of severe vitamin deficiency and failure to thrive in a breast fed infant of a vegan mother
Journal: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication Date: 09/2000
Summary: Data on dietary intake, psychological test performance, and biochemical variables of cobalamin status were collected from 48 adolescents who consumed macrobiotic (vegan type) diets up to the age of 6 y, subsequently followed by lactovegetarian or omnivorous diets, and from 24 subjects (aged 10–18 y) who were fed omnivorous diets from birth onward. Our data suggest that cobalamin deficiency, in the absence of hematologic signs, may lead to impaired cognitive performance in adolescents.
Journal: Clinical Pediatrics
Publication Date: 04/1986
Summary: Case report of breast fed infant of vegetarian mother that developed severe vitamin B12 deficiency