Blood sugar

l-Carnosine supplementation attenuated fasting glucose, triglycerides, advanced glycation end products, and tumor necrosis factor–α levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0271531717303652

Journal: Nutrition Research

Publication Date: 01/2018

 Summary: l-carnosine lowered fasting glucose, serum levels of triglycerides, AGEs, and tumor necrosis factor–α without changing sRAGE, IL-6, and IL-1β levels in T2D patients.

Association between hyperinsulinemia and increased risk of cancer death in non-obese and obese people: A population‐based observational study

URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ijc.30729

Journal: Cancer Epidemiology

Publication Date: 08/2017

Summary: Review of NHANES database. Among all study participants, cancer mortality was significantly higher in those with hyperinsulinemia than in those without hyperinsulinemia. Similarly, among non-obese participants, multivariable analysis showed that cancer mortality was significantly higher in those with hyperinsulinemia than in those without.

Red meat, dairy, and insulin sensitivity: a randomized crossover intervention study

URL: https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/101/6/1173/4564565

Journal: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Publication Date: 06/2015

Summary: The change in insulin resistance was compared in overweight and obese subjects on a high lean red meat diet, a high low-fat dairy diet without red meat and a control diet without dairy or red meat. Consumption of the high dairy diet led to reduced insulin sensitivity compared to the lean meat and control diets.

Role of carnitine in the regulation of glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity: evidence from in vivo and in vitro studies with carnitine supplementation and carnitine deficiency

URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00394-011-0284-2

Journal: European Journal of Nutrition

 Publication Date: 02/2012

 Summary: In view of the abovementioned beneficial effect of carnitine supplementation on glucose tolerance during insulin-resistant states, carnitine supplementation might be an effective tool for improvement of glucose utilization in obese type 2 diabetic patients. However, further studies are necessary to explain the conflicting observations from studies dealing with carnitine deficiency.

A High-Protein Diet With Resistance Exercise Training Improves Weight Loss and Body Composition in Overweight and Obese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

URL: https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/33/5/969.long

Journal: Diabetes Care

 Publication Date: 05/2010

Summary: A total of 83 men and women with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to an isocaloric, energy-restricted diet of either standard carbohydrate or high protein, with or without supervised RT for 16 weeks. An energy-restricted HP diet combined with RT achieved greater weight loss and more favorable changes in body composition. All treatments had similar improvements in glycemic control and CVD risk markers.

Relationship between animal protein intake and muscle mass index in healthy women

URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition/article/relationship-between-animal-protein-intake-and-muscle-mass-index-in-healthy-women/FDD4EBFB12C8089E4FF69555FF6BB98C

Journal: British Journal of Nutrition

 Publication Date: 12/2009

 Summary: 21 omnivore and 19 vegetarian women were compared. Increased animal protein intake correlated with higher muscle mass index.

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