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Effects of Total Red Meat Consumption on Glycemic Control and Inflammation: A Systematically Searched Meta-analysis and Meta-regression of Randomized Controlled Trials (OR22-08-19)

URL: https://academic.oup.com/cdn/article/3/Supplement_1/nzz028.OR22-08-19/5516820

Journal: Current Developments in Nutrition

 Publication Date: 06/2019

 Summary: Consuming ≥ vs <0.5 servings/d of red meat showed greater decreases in insulin when carbohydrates were replaced with red meat but lesser decreases in HOMA-IR when macronutrient distributions were matched between intervention and control eating patterns.

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Coronary Heart Disease and Dietary Carbohydrate, Glycemic Index, and Glycemic Load: Dose-Response Meta-analyses of Prospective Cohort Studies

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410335/

Journal: Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Innovations, Quality and Outcomes.

 Publication Date: 03/2019

 Summary: Strong and probably causal CHD-GL and GI RRs exist within populations. The RRs were remarkably higher across global exposures. The results support the consideration of these markers of carbohydrate food quality in dietary guidelines for general populations.

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l-Carnosine supplementation attenuated fasting glucose, triglycerides, advanced glycation end products, and tumor necrosis factor–α levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0271531717303652

Journal: Nutrition Research

Publication Date: 01/2018

 Summary: l-carnosine lowered fasting glucose, serum levels of triglycerides, AGEs, and tumor necrosis factor–α without changing sRAGE, IL-6, and IL-1β levels in T2D patients.

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Association between hyperinsulinemia and increased risk of cancer death in non-obese and obese people: A population‐based observational study

URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ijc.30729

Journal: Cancer Epidemiology

Publication Date: 08/2017

Summary: Review of NHANES database. Among all study participants, cancer mortality was significantly higher in those with hyperinsulinemia than in those without hyperinsulinemia. Similarly, among non-obese participants, multivariable analysis showed that cancer mortality was significantly higher in those with hyperinsulinemia than in those without.

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Red meat, dairy, and insulin sensitivity: a randomized crossover intervention study

URL: https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/101/6/1173/4564565

Journal: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Publication Date: 06/2015

Summary: The change in insulin resistance was compared in overweight and obese subjects on a high lean red meat diet, a high low-fat dairy diet without red meat and a control diet without dairy or red meat. Consumption of the high dairy diet led to reduced insulin sensitivity compared to the lean meat and control diets.

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Role of hyperinsulinemia in increased risk of prostate cancer: a case control study from Kathmandu Valley.

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/24568446/

Journal: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

 Publication Date: 02/2014

Summary: Elevated fasting levels of serum insulin appear to be associated with a higher risk of prostate cancer.

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Elevated serum insulin is an independent risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma: a case control study from Nepal

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/24460297/?i=2&from=/24568446/related

Journal: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Publication Date: 02/2013

Summary: The effectof an insulin level in increasing HCC risk appeared consistent, influencing incidence, risk of recurrence, overallsurvival, and treatment-related complications in HCC patients.

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Role of carnitine in the regulation of glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity: evidence from in vivo and in vitro studies with carnitine supplementation and carnitine deficiency

URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00394-011-0284-2

Journal: European Journal of Nutrition

 Publication Date: 02/2012

 Summary: In view of the abovementioned beneficial effect of carnitine supplementation on glucose tolerance during insulin-resistant states, carnitine supplementation might be an effective tool for improvement of glucose utilization in obese type 2 diabetic patients. However, further studies are necessary to explain the conflicting observations from studies dealing with carnitine deficiency.

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Successful Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes and Seizures With Combined Ketogenic Diet and Insulin

URL: https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/129/2/e511

Journal: Pediatrics

 Publication Date: 02/2012

Summary: Case report of a 2 year old that presented with diabetic ketoacidosis and a history of epilepsy. She was treated with a ketogenic diet, insulin and fluids. During a 10 month follow up she had no additional seizures or episodes of diabetic ketoacidosis. 

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A High-Protein Diet With Resistance Exercise Training Improves Weight Loss and Body Composition in Overweight and Obese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

URL: https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/33/5/969.long

Journal: Diabetes Care

 Publication Date: 05/2010

Summary: A total of 83 men and women with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to an isocaloric, energy-restricted diet of either standard carbohydrate or high protein, with or without supervised RT for 16 weeks. An energy-restricted HP diet combined with RT achieved greater weight loss and more favorable changes in body composition. All treatments had similar improvements in glycemic control and CVD risk markers.