Publication Date: 9/2019
Summary: Double burden of undernutrition in children and adults along with high prevalence of obesity-related chronic diseases in adults in developing countries undergoing nutrition transition is an enormous policy challenge. Interventions that promote childhood growth and help maintenance of muscle mass in later life would be the key to tackle the double burden of malnutrition. Animal source foods could have an important role in combating the double burden of malnutrition in low-income countries where diets are predominantly cereal based with very low intakes of animal source foods. In the settings where childhood undernutrition is highly prevalent, affordable animal source foods should be explicitly promoted as a part of guidelines on infant and young child feeding. Nutrition counseling needs to be coupled with enhancing the affordability and access to animal source foods for low-income households through macro- and micro-level policy interventions.